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Visiting the Agriculture Land of Mountain Province

Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bontoc.

by Jhaypee Guia on July 18, 2012
Visiting the Agriculture Land of Mountain Province

View from Bontoc Town, Mountain Province


Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bontoc.

Mountain Province is bounded in the east by Isabela, in the north by the provinces of Kalinga, Apayao, and Abra, in the south of Benguet and Ifugao, and in the west by the province of Ilocos Sur. It has an area of 229,231 hectares, 83% is mountainous while 17% make up hills and levels. The province has plenty of rivers, waterfalls, mountains, and caves.

Mountain Province is sometimes incorrectly named Mountain in some foreign references. The name is also incorrectly shortened by locals to Mt. Province, which in turn is read by native Anglophones as "Mount Province". The province was named so for being in the Cordillera Central mountain range found in the upper realms of Luzon island.

Mountain Province was also the name of the historical province that included most of the current Cordillera provinces. This old province was established by the Americans in 1908 and was later split in 1966 into Mountain Province, Benguet, Kalinga, Apayao and Ifugao.

Mountain province is known for its “Mummy Caves” which contain naturally mummified bodies which probably became so due to the humid atmosphere. The hanging Coffins are also found in the province, these are literally coffins hanging on to the branches of trees, many tourists claim there is no foul odor, the bodies were probably mummified by the atmosphere according to theory.

Tourist Attractions


  • Rizal Memorial Plaza (Bontoc)

Found at the heart of the capital town. The statue of Dr. Jose Rizal stands towering the plaza, which serves as a good respite and also as a playground and meeting venue for programs and other gatherings.


Located within the Catholic Sister's Convent and Saint Vincent's Elementary School. Sister Basil Gekiere, ICM, founded it. It features a range of artifacts crafted by the Igorots for domestic purposes, to be used for traditional celebrations or practices. Inside the museum, one could appreciate the distinct richness of the Igorot's way of life. Beside the museum building is a model of traditional Bontoc village, which highlights some of the various aspects of the Bontoc material culture.

  • Backstrap and Loom Weaving Houses

Loom weaving is done in Sabangan and Sagada. Samoki, a village in Bontoc specialize in backstrap weaving. Various colorful woven materials like knapsacks, placemats, bags and purses among other products.

  • Ato/Dap-ay

Traditionally, it is a place where the council of elders hold various ceremonies, meetings and happenings which maybe religious, social and political in nature. It is a public structure used as a dormitory by the bachelors, widowers, young boys and visitors in the village. A fireplace is built at the center and a wooden pole stands opposite it where heads of animals butchered and sacrificed are hung.


  • Mainit Hotsprings

Eighteen kilometers up from Bontoc; 30 minutes by chartered of Public Utility Jeepney ride (Bontoc-Mainit - 1:00 to 2:00 p.m.) or two (2) hours by foot.

  • Mornang Hotspring

Four kilometers from Barlig proper.

  • Sadanga Hotspring

Twenty nine kilometers from Poblacion Bontoc (with bathroom facility).

  • Caves / Hanging Coffins

Feature shimmering underground streams with golden or silvery stalactite and stalagmite formations and cool nature pools inside. Hanging coffins placed high steep rock formations.

Matangkib Cave, Sugong Cave, Lumiyang Cave, Sumaguing Cave, Balangagan Cave, Nangongogan Cave, Latipan Cave, Cansil Cave.

  • Besao

Liang Burial Cave (can be reached through regular jeepney ride to the poblacion and hiking to reach the caves).

  • Lakes/Waterfalls

Found amidst tall, green pine trees evoking feelings of freshness and tranquility.

  • Sagada: Bumod-ok Falls Danum Lake
  • Bodong Lake Aguid
  • Fidelisan Waterspots.
  • Besao: Banao Lake
  • Tadian: Gawaan Lake

*accessibility - regular public utility jeepney and foot trekking to site


  • Mt. Clitoris (Tadian)

Formerly Mount Mogao is a canonical shaped and stand proudly over 3 villages. It is considered as sacred and appears serene and solemn at dusk or dawn.

  • Mt. Amoyao (Barlig)

Thickly forested and beckons for wilderness walk and site of ABS-CBN and RCPI satellite.

  • Mt. Calawitan (Sabangan)
  • Mt. Polis and Mt. Pagturao (Bontoc)
  • Mt. Ampucao (Sagada)
  • Besao Sunset (Besao)

A primitive formation of two rocks where farmers can determine seasons by how the sun's rays fit into crevices in the rock formation.

  • Alab Petroglyphs (Bontoc)

A huge rock inscribed with bows and arrows believed to tell the ancient fertility rites of the natives.

  • Chico River Panoramic View

The mountain tops and mountain sides provide panoramic/scenic viewing of the winding Chico River meandering through ricefields, rocks and sand as well as good vantage points to humble dwellings of the villagers.

Viewpoints: Gala (Sabangan) Mt. PolisPagturao (Bontoc) Maligcong

  • Cagubatan Enchanted Eels (Tadian)

The eels thriving in the Cagubatan spring are conceived to be sacred and thus could not be eaten, they are believed to maintain the continuous flow of water to irrigate the rice fields.


  • Mountain Province Trade Center

A mini-shopping center managed by the Department of Trade and Industry where skillfully crafted indigenous products are sold.

  • Rice Terraces

Mini stairways to the sky, distinct from the Banaue Rice Terraces because they are made up of perfectly engineered stone riprap.

  • Bauko: Bagnen Rice Terraces
  • Besao: Besao Rice Terraces, Bucas Rice Terraces
  • Bontoc: Maligcong Rice Terraces, Bayyo Rice Terraces, and Bontoc Poblacion Rice Terraces, Dalican Rice Terraces
  • Sagada: Kiltepan Rice Terraces, Tanulong Rice Terraces, and Suyo Rice Terraces Bulongan Rice Terraces, Bangaan Rice Terraces, Ambasing Rice
  • ·Terraces, Fidelisan Rice Terraces
  • Sadanga: Sadanga Rice Terraces, Focong Rice Terraces
  • Natonin: Natonin Rice Terraces
  • Barlig: Barlig Rice Terraces

Special Interest:

Nature trekking through the Bontoc Circuit Trail to appreciate the natural wonders and beauty of the province.

Some trekking routes: Guina-ang - Dalican - Aguid; Bontoc Poblacion - Dalican; Bontoc Poblacion - Caneo; and Mainit - Maligcong - Belwang

Mountain Climbing: Mt. Amoyao (Barlig), Mt. Calawitan (Sabangan), Mount Pagturao (Bontoc), Mt. Ampacao (Sagada), Mt. Clitoris (Tadian), Mt. Polis (Bontoc), Barlig Forest, Sagada (Spelunking)

River Rafting: Chico River offers a challenging and thrilling route for rafting especially on the rainy months of June - August.

Hotels and Restaurants

  • Cable Cafe & Restaurant
  • Rosdin Restaurant
  • Pines Kitchenette
  • Koykies Snack Bar & Restaurant
  • Trapezoid Bar & Restaurant

Municipality of Bontoc

  • Alabama Hotel & Restaurant
  • Archog Hotel & Restaurant
  • Bontoc Hotel & Restaurant
  • Episcopal Diocese of Northern Philippines
  • Churya-a Hotel & Restaurant
  • Linda's Guest House
  • Mountain Hotel and Restaurant
  • Daisy Pomay-o
  • Pines Kitchenette & Inn (Pension)
  • Ridgebrook Hotel
  • Tcchayapan Hotel
  • Zander's Cafe & Hotel

Municipality of Sagada

  • A Seven House
  • Ganduyan Inn
  • Green House Inn (Lodge)
  • Mapiya-aw Pension
  • Masferre Inn & Cafe (pension)
  • Olahbinan Resthouse and Restaurant (Pension)
  • Rocky Valley Inn (Pension )
  • Sagada Guest House


  • Sagada Prime Hotel
  • St. Joseph Resthouse


  • Ina Imelda's Sari-sari Store & Transient House


  • Halfway Inn & restaurant
  • Sea world Inn


  • Atlantic Hotel & Restaurant


  • Banan's Restaurant
  • Blue Bird's Canteen
  • Bontoc Cafe
  • Bontoc Hotel & Restaurant
  • Bus Stop Inn, Cafe & Restaurant
  • Chico Terrace Inn & Restaurant
  • Country Restaurant & Video Sing-along
  • Cozy Nook Restaurant
  • The Crackpot Snackhaus & Restaurant
  • Cuisina Igorota
  • Eastern Star Hotel & Restaurant
  • Great Bite Cafe & Restaurant
  • Good Habit's Cafe & Restaurant
  • Hardrock Cafe, Bar & Restaurant
  • Highlander's Restaurant
  • Ikolan's Fastfood  
  • Joan's Cafe & Restaurant
  • John's Eatery
  • Kammagay Cafe & Restaurant

Mountain Hotel & Restaurant

  • Nellie's Eatery
  • Pines Kitchenette & Inn
  • Ridgebrooke Cafe & Restaurant
  • Rose Eatery
  • R & J Restaurant
  • R's Restaurant & Snackhaus
  • Sagada Lunch & Drinks
  • Tcayapan Food & Drinks
  • Triple 8 Cafe & Restaurant
  • Zander's Cafe & Restaurant
  • 158 Cafe & Restaurant
  • 17th Place Food & Snacks


From Manila, ride a bus that ply routes to Manila-Banaue-Bontoc-Sagada. There are buses that end the trips in Bontoc - the capital town of Mt. Province - and there are also buses that trips end in Banaue. From there you can ride a jeep going to Bontoc.

Bus lines that have trips going to the province:

  • Cable Tours (E. Rodriguez Sr. Boulevard, Manila)
  • Autobus Transport (Sampaloc, Manila)
  • Florida Transport (España, Manila)

Jeepneys are available as a mode of transportation around the province.

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