Misamis Oriental

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Misamis Oriental

Misamis Oriental: Mindanao's Nature Front

Opol, Misamis Oriental Beach Front

Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro. The province borders Iligan City and Bukidnon to the south, the Agusan del Norte to the east, and to the north is Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern shore.

Nature tripping is a never-ending possibility in Misamis Oriental, one of the five provinces of Northern Mindanao. From watersports and fine beaches to cave exploration and ethnic settlements, the list of nature-communing endeavors to be experienced in the province is longer than enough to fill a lifetime’s itinerary.

Seas and beaches offer a limitless adventure. Go scuba diving at Duka Bay and Mantangale, also a primary dolphin and whale shark watching destination. Find glorious hideaways in the white sand beaches of Midway Beach, Maputi White Beach, and Opol Beach Fronts. Go white water rafting and tubing in the rapids of the Cagayan de Oro River, one of the longest rivers in Mindanao. Or simply get picture-happy at the San Isidro/Sagpolon, Palalan, and Tiklas Waterfalls as well as Sapong Spring and the Cold Spring at Lagonglong.

A multitude of choices awaits the nature lover or adventurer. The Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village in Cagayan de Oro, a cultural village in a botanical setting, is home to Region 10’s tribal communities and endemic plants and trees. Also in Cagayan de Oro is Macahambus Cave, a historical site dating back to the 1900s. Initao Cave is home to the split-nose bat and the Initao National Park is a forest reserve with a natural limestone formation and marine life.

Shift into a more relaxed pace at the Pueblo de Oro Golf and Country Club, situated along Lumbia Road in Cagayan de Oro, or explore this city’s museums, from the Xavier University Museum showcasing Muslim-Bukidnon culture to the La Castilla Museum featuring household heirlooms.



Located in Northern Mindanao, it is bordered by the provinces of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north lies the Camiguin Island in the Bohol Sea.



 Early Settlers

The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, people of Malay descent with various blend of Mongolic characteristics fought against the natives for the control of the rich Cagayan River coastal plains. The struggle for the possession of land went on between different evolving races until the native Visayans, the offshoot of lowland inhabitants, won over the Bukidnons. In the 1500s, most of the areas in Mindanao had fallen under the Muslim sway and the inhabitants were converted to Islam. Misamis Oriental, however, was only nominally under Muslim rule with an obligation to pay a yearly tribute.


Origin of the Province's Name

"Misamis" is derived from the word "MISA" which is the Spanish term of mass. When Christianity was yet new in the Philippines, the word "MISA" was shouted every time by converting priests traveled in area around the province. Thus, over a period of time, the Spanish Missionaries started calling the province by the name Misamis.

Other sources revealed the word "Misamis" is derived from "kuyamis", a variety of sweet coconut, which was the staple food of the earliest known Negrito settlers of the territory. The word "kuyamis" was corrupted to Misamis when the Spanish colonizers came.


Tourist Attractions


  • Beaches

Fine white sand, ideal for swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving, favorite water sports like; boating, sailing, skiing or jetskiing; or long stretch coast with fine gray sand or rock bound coastal areas for fishing or cruising.


  • Duka Bay, Doña Josefa, Dy’s white beach          


  • Villa Arcadia “D Rocky Tent City”
  • Calamcam white Beach 
  • Talines Beach, Tagbocboc         


  • Lapinig Island Beach     
  • -Mantangale Beach Resort         


  • Alibuag White Beach Binuangan:           
  • Mempepe White Beach 


  • Agutayan White Islet
  • Punta Gorda Beach
  • Liyang, Jampason Beach Resort



  • Maputi White Beach


  • Milagrosa Beach
  • Tubajon Beach


  • Gemini Beach
  • Silad White Beach
  • Flor Ylana Beach

Long stretch fine gray-sand beaches:


  • Gracia Beach   
  • Baluarte Beach 


  • Aquarius Beach Resort  
  • Country Beach Resort   
  • Gemini Beach Resort    


  • Rosa Beach     
  • Pab-Lourdes Beach       
  • Mulawan Beach


  • Man-iso
  • Manoyog          
  • Cala-cala          
  • Binitinan           
  • Carlgomz Beach Resort 
  • Mambayaan     


  • Mauswagon Beach, Kauswagan  


  • Looc Beach      


  • Binuangan Bay Beach
  • St. Bernadette Beach


  • Silad, Alicomohan Beach
  • Kiraging Beach


  • Somo-somo Beach, Bolisong Beach


  • Baling-ni-Juan Resort, Palma Beach


  • Liowah Beach, Poblacion


  • Nicser
  • Ebonia
  • San Pedro
  • Lauremar
  • Roan
  • Marvilla
  • Baybayon

El Salvador

  • Beach 88
  • Duyogan Beach
  • Bucaneer’s Beach Resort


  • Caba-caba Beach


  • Pearl Shell
  • Uy Seaside
  • Mr. Camarine Beach Resort
  • Punta Silum Beach


  • Naawan Beach Resort
  • Suyo Beach


  • Biga Beach

AGUTAYAN REEF - Also called White Island, located in Jasaan. This is a small island with a wide expanse of shallow coral reef. On its side is a drop-off starting at 50 ft. down to 150 ft. There are plenty of cracks and crevices along the wall. Pelagic fishes such as surgeonfish, barracuda, tuna, eagle rays, and occasional sharks can be sighted here.

CONSTANCIA - This is a shoal approximately 3 has. in size with the shallowest depth at 20 ft. below the surface. On the south side, the coral reef is in good condition teeming with colorful tropical fishes, pelagic and territorial fishes, sea fans and sponges.

SIPAKA POINT - Known for its strong undersea current, the spot is good for more experienced divers. The natural current feeds the marine ecosystem resulting to a majestic underwater garden. Huge sea fans, basket sponges, hard and soft corals and feather stars abound in this area as well as stringrays, snappers, groupers, and colorful small fishes. For the underwater photographer, the clear waters of Sepaca are ideal for macro and wide-angle setups.

TALISAYAN SHOAL - this is a very small shoal fronting the town of Talisayan. It takes only about 10 minutes to get there from the Mantangale Alibuag Dive Resort. The shallow part of the shoal is covered with a very good growth with plenty of small colorful fishes, shells and other plants and animals. Turtles are often seen here as well as other pelagic fishes.

STA. INES WRECK - At the sandy and steep slope, there is an old WW 2 pontoon wreck starting at a depth of 30 feet to about 150 feet. This wreck is now covered with fan corals, black corals and other marine growth and also serves as home to a lot of big and small fishes as Lapu-lapu, jacks, sweetlips, red snappers, surgeon and batfishes.

MEDINA SPRINGS - Approximately 300 yards from the white beach, at the edge of the shallow coral reef are two excellent dive spots. The Paradise is 90 to 110 feet deep. It looks like a canyon with lots of cracks and holes. , "The Aquarium" is a good spot to make a second dive since the depth ranges only from 20 to 70 feet. In both spots, the unique attraction here are underwater springs locally called "alibuag" which spews out large volumes of very cold fresh water from the bottom towards the surface. The marine life here is also very rich and abundant. The spot is located in Medina.

PUNTA DIWATA -  Located at the eastern tip of Gingoog Bay and part of the town of Magsaysay about 1 hour by boat from Mantangale Alibuag Dive Resort. The dive spot has a stair step type of coralline slope. The ledges and walls are beautifully covered with marine outcropping, sea fans and sponges. Fish inhabitants include colorful tropical fishes, lapu-lapu, sweetlips, snappers and occasional manta rays glide. This dramatic seascape is excellent for wide angle photos.

MANONGUL - Just out front of Mantangale is a busy reef called “Manongul”, the dialect for coral gardens. Here one finds shallow sandy areas with coral paths excellent for snorkeling or a long easy scuba dive. Blue spotted stringrays, convict damsels, lionfishes, colony of soft and hard corals and a variety of clown fishes are among the permanent inhabitants in the area. Having good visibility for most of the year it is most suitable for U/W photography, a leisurely paced plunge or a night dive.



SAGPULON SPRINGS AND FALLS, San Isidro, Jasaan, Misamis Oriental

It offers the serenity and pristine beauty of Mother Nature where one can still hear the sound of chirping birds, fascinated by the kaleidoscopic vista of the wild flowers and virgin forested trees. Luxuriate under its showery waterfalls, and enjoy the cool, clear and gently flowing swimming pool. Excellent for weekend and family picnic or relaxation with cozy cottages and nature-cooled rest houses. Only 45 minutes from the city.

  • Faustina Falls
  • Rock Spring


  • Como-como, Brgy. Rosario


  • Soligao Spring, Brgy. Katipunan
  • Lagatak Spring, Brgy. Alubijid
  • Napapong Spring, Brgy. Imelda


  • Waterfalls: Tikala Falls - Poblacion
  • Kaulogan Falls- Patrocinio
  • Mati Falls “Mati”


  • Mimbanisil Pool, Brgy. Rosario
  • San Jose Spring, Brgy. Rosario


  • Sapong Cold Spring, complete with picnic huts, food house and conference hall.


  • Tagongtong Spring


  • Lourdes Shrine Tubod
  • Cold Spring along the bay


  • Alibuag Underwater Spring, Brgy. Mangga


  • Sapong Spring, Brgy. Bolisong


  • Tuburan, Brgy. San Alonzo


  • Tagbocboc Spring
  • Baocbaoc Spring - Poblacion


  • Alibuag Spring with picnic tables, cottages and rest rooms.


  • Tuburan Spring - Poblacion
  • Tuburan Spring - Brgy. Taytay
  • Hot Spring - Brgy. Calongonan
  • Abaga Falls - Brgy. Calongonan


  • Hot Spring - Brgy. Tula


  • Cueva con Agua Brgy. Mauswagon (spring inside the cave)


  • Spring and Falls - Brgy. Matangad


  • Balago Spring


  • Kanapolan Falls - Tagbalago
  • Lubilan Falls - Lubilan


  • Dimalos Spring - Brgy. Patag
  • Linanot Spring - Brgy. Libertad
  • Tinago Spring - Brgy. Tuod (ten other springs)


  • Paradise Valley - Lower Talacogon
  • Aya-aya Waterfalls - Aya-aya


  • JASAAN : Jasaan National Park
  • BALINGASAG : a) Lingon-lingon, Brgy. Samay b) Lantad Forest Park - Brgy. Kibanban
  • LIBERTAD : Guimaylan Molave Mini Tree Park
  • INITAO : INITAO NATIONAL PARK - Brgy. Tubigan. Libertad Protected Landscape and Seascape is a combination of two distinctively unique environments. It holds a verdant limestone forest which is home to a variety of wildlife including the endangered Philippines Tarsier, and it also holds a marine sanctuary whose coastline is a nesting site of the endangered Marine Turtle. The Park is literally a place where the sea and forest meet. It is one of the country’s most unique natural treasures.
  • CLAVERIA : CANOPY WALK, Brgy. Magbais - A Climber “obbles” from one deck to the next, unhurried and unperturbed, looking toward to her reward: an expansive view of the virgin forest. A climber who successfully hurdle all five hanging bridges rest on the sixth (main) deck in the midst of a nature’s free show of birds chirping happily & butterflies flirting by.


The rare beauty of the caves captures the interest of spelunkers, anthropologists, and tourists alike due to each amazing formation and the value they represent. Some of them are:


  • Buslo Cave - Dinag-asan, Salay
  • Cave 1 -  Mauswagon, Laguindingan
  • Sicolon Cave     Mauswagon, Laguindingan
  • Liang Baho 1 Tubajon, Laguindingan
  • Cave 3 (close) - Bubotan, Tubigan, Initao
  • Cave 2 (close) - Bubotan, Tubigan, Initao
  • Cave 1 (open) - Bubotan, Tubigan, Initao
  • Apas Cave 1 & 2 - Apas, Initao
  • Bugdang Cave - Bugdang, Talisayan
  • Mauswagon/ Magallanes - Bobontugan, Jasaan
  • El Salvador Cave - Natumulan, Tagoloan


  • CLAVERIA         : Gumaod Lake -  Gumaod, Claveria
  • ALUBIJID           : Hablamos Lake -  Alubijid
  • MANTICAO        : Lake Danao


  • Arturo Casiño Park - Tagoloan
  • Pelaez Park - Talisayan
  • Agri-Tourism - Claveria and


  • Papaya
  • Banana
  • Coconut
  • Cut flowers Production
  • Tomato
  • Silk Worm - Villanueva

Livelihood products:

  • Handmade Paper - Salay
  • Arts and Decors - Lagonglong

Industrial plants tours - (to be arranged)

  • PHIVIDEC Ind. Estate - Tagoloan
  • Philippine Sinter Corp. - Villanueva
  • Resins, PICMW, PKI - Jasaan
  • ABI, Philippine, Dairy - El Salvador
  • Fiesta Brand, Inc. - Medina
  • Universal Robina Corp.   - El Salvador



  • Jasaan - Century Old Church
  • Balingasag - Vega Ancestral Home
  • Sugbongcogon - Lagbas Ancestral


  • Laguindingan - Al Sulawan Point
  • Initao - Old Municipal Building


  • Cockpit Area for cockfighting
  • Open courts for basketball and tennis
  • Watersports “ jetski, sailing, scuba diving, and snorkeling

List of accommodations (Cagayan de Oro)

  • Marigold Hotel Cagayan de Oro
  • Conchita Hotel Cagayan de Oro
  • Maxandrea Hotel
  • Pryce Plaza Hotel
  • Koresco Hotel Cagayan De Oro
  • Cagayan River View Inn Hotel
  • N Hotel Cagayan de Oro
  • Kingston Lodge
  • Country Village Hotel
  • VIP Hotel Cagayan De Oro
  • Pearlmont Inn
  • Gardens of Malasag Eco Tourism Village Hotel
  • De Luxe Hotel Cagayan de Oro
  • Chali Beach Resort Cagayan de Oro
  • K Condotel Cagayan De Oro  


Visitors can be accessed the province of Misamis Oriental via Cagayan de Oro - the capital town and the gateway to the province.

By Air Travel

Several airline companies such as Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Zest Air, Air Philippines in Manila have regular flights going to Cagayan de Oro. Travel time will take more or less 2 hours.

By Land Travel

Major bus lines in Manila have daily trips  to the Cagayan de area and other cities in Mindanao.

By Sea Travel

From Manila, tourists can ride a ferry going to Cagayan de Oro. Travel time will take about 30 hours.